El Salvador’s ‘My First Bitcoin’: How to show a nation about crypto


The grassroots Mi Primer Bitcoin, which means “My First Bitcoin,” program has picked up steam in El Salvador. The first cohort of Bitcoiner-come-students started research in May. Founded by John Dennehy, an American activist and journalist, this system additionally has the assist of the Salvadoran authorities. 

Cointelegraph spoke with Dennehy and Gilberto Motto, El Salvador’s director of schooling, to delve into the nation’s struggles and successes in Bitcoin (BTC) schooling and to know the speed at which it’s spreading among the many land of volcanoes. 

The genesis block

When El Salvador adopted Bitcoin as authorized tender on June 8, 2021, only a few Salvadorans apart from President Nayib Bukele may clarify ideas like seed phrases, satoshis or mining. There was “Bitcoin Beach,” the identify donned to the sleepy surf city El Zonte, the birthplace of Bitcoin adoption in El Salvador.

But the three,000 native residents would have their work minimize out to show the remaining 6 million inhabitants. Indeed, Salvadorans would require tons of of hours of coaching, studying and “orange-pilling” to have the ability to save and transact in Bitcoin.

The second Bukele onboarded as much as 6 million individuals into the Bitcoin protocol. Source: Twitter

A mammoth process loomed for the Salvadoran authorities. Motto advised Cointelegraph that as per Article 6 of the Bitcoin Law, “The State will provide training on the use of this cryptocurrency.” However, what would that coaching appear to be? How may the state quickly and successfully introduce Bitcoin lessons after they themselves would additionally must become familiar with new cash?

All the whereas, Bitcoiners, commentators and the mainstream media watched because the El Salvador experiment performed out. Dennehy, who had spent the previous dwelling and dealing in Latin America, advised Cointelegraph that upon the regulation’s announcement, he needed to get to the nation as quickly as attainable:

“I knew that I wanted to do something to help make sure that it worked out, that it was a success here.”

Dennehy had been “predisposed to the separation of money and state” for a while, and upon first studying of Satoshi Nakamoto’s innovation, whereas dwelling in Ecuador in 2013, he turned a fervent Bitcoiner. He jokes that as per most “OG” Bitcoiners’ experiences, the primary trade he purchased BTC from was hacked, dropping him round 2 BTC on the time — now price over $40,000 on the time of writing.

Almost 10 years later and after the arrival of the primary nation to undertake Bitcoin, he needed to discover a technique to pitch in. He flew to El Salvador the second the chance would permit. However, just like different Bitcoiners who’ve made the pilgrimage to El Salvador, he was struck by how few retailers and distributors settle for Bitcoin. “There were effectively zero [merchants] when the law came into effect,” Dennehy advised Cointelegraph in May.

Rikki, a Bitcoin podcaster and human rights activist who spent 45 days dwelling in El Salvador dwelling on Bitcoin and nothing else, advised Cointelegraph comparable tales about his travels in Bitcoin Land: “Nobody here knows anything about Bitcoin. [The government] didn’t provide one second of education to the people of El Salvador.”

Motto defined to Cointelegraph that Bitcoin has since been included into monetary schooling in addition to monetary literacy packages throughout the nation. Motto advised Cointelegraph that “The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology is working together with various institutions related to Bitcoin in the country”:

“Including Bitcoin Beach Wallet, Mi Primer Bitcoin and others, in the development of a training module in Financial Education that incorporates updated content such as cryptocurrencies and electronic wallets.”

Even so, counting on a authorities or third get together to get issues performed can be counter to Bitcoin’s ethos, that of “Don’t trust, verify.” A grassroots Bitcoin schooling marketing campaign that may unfold just like the community, one which might complement and lengthen the federal government’s Bitcoin schooling plans, can be effectively suited.

Mi Primer Bitcoin, based by Dennehy in 2021, is a nongovernmental group that gives free Bitcoin schooling to Salvadorans. It has since acquired funding from the LookingGlass in addition to IBEX Mercado, a Bitcoin and Lightning Network service supplier.

The undertaking got here to Dennehy throughout his first conversations with Salvadorans when familiarizing himself together with his new residence. He’d ask casually, “Do you take Bitcoin?” and realized that many individuals not solely didn’t settle for Bitcoin, however they requested Dennehy to elucidate the decentralized forex to them.

“They were interested to learn more. They saw something with varying degrees of knowledge level, but generally low, low but interested,” he stated.

Some of the primary academics on this system got here for the preliminary conferences that Dennehy hosted in Airbnbs and assembly rooms. The top notch happened on Sept. 24, 2021 in a yoga studio “because we were starting from zero,” Dennehy detailed.

“We had no funds, we had no spaces. […] And in fact, in our first class, one student came,” he stated.

Unabashed and with a conviction cast throughout a number of Bitcoin bear markets, Dennehy and his workforce soldiered on. By October, lessons had ramped as much as virtually 80 college students, and November boasted over 250. The Bitcoin value was additionally starting to soar — a possible catalyst:

“The reality is that interest level changes depending on what the price does.”

Nonetheless, curiosity was sustained throughout 2022’s value motion. The class numbers reached all-time highs in April this yr of over 800 college students whereas the value sank to yearly lows. The lessons boil all the way down to monetary literacy, from the historical past of cash to what issues cash solves, Dennehy defined. Financial literacy and Bitcoin schooling go hand in hand.

Motto agreed with Dennehy’s evaluation, stating that Bitcoin and monetary literacy should work in tandem in El Salvador: “Savings, paying taxes, planning expenses, personal or family budgets and other concepts are still valid at the moment, and unfortunately not all the population knows and knows how to make good use of them.”

Importantly, the Bitcoin Diploma program targets youngsters — i.e., these most desperate to find out about cash — as they know that cash is intrinsically linked to their independence. It’s a wise transfer, Dennehy state, as they’re the almost definitely to diffuse the Bitcoin message round El Salvador:

“If we could reach every 16-year-old or 17-year-old in the country, we will effectively teach the entire country in one year because that demographic is really strategic. They go home and they’ll talk to their parents, their aunts, their uncles, their little brothers and sisters.”

The examination for the Bitcoin Diploma, taken in week 10, is break up into 4 components. The first half is to create a pockets after which restore it on one other system. The second process is to make a transaction on-chain, discover the transaction within the blockchain explorer then clarify why the transactions will be thought-about remaining.

One yr since his arrival, Dennehy “would put the number at 10% of the population now is an active Bitcoin user.” Similarly, Cointelegraph reported that as a lot as one-fifth of retailers in El Salvador now settle for Bitcoin.

Related: Morgan Stanley encourages buyers to purchase battered El Salvador eurobonds

Progress is evidently good, however Dennehy burdened that Bitcoin is a worldwide forex. The progress made in El Salvador could possibly be mirrored internationally:

“We are focused on El Salvador at the moment because we have limited resources and El Salvador is the signal. This is the front line. But our ambition is global. Our ambition is to change El Salvador, but also to change the world.

He explained that “once we create a successful template here, then the idea is to rebrand it as Bitcoin, El Salvador and then open up Bitcoin.”